Instalando FreePBX 13 com Asterisk 13 no CentOS 7



O FreePBX é uma das opções para gerenciar o moderno mecanismo de telefonia IP - Asterisk. Por mais que os integradores não gostem dessa "superestrutura", certamente é o líder das instalações de PBX IP.

Desativando o SELINUX

vim /etc/sysconfig/selinux

Substitua SELINUX=enforcing

para

SELINUX=disabled

Configurando Dependências

root@asteriskhelp# rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

root@asteriskhelp# yum install -y kernel-devel kernel-headers

root@asteriskhelp# yum install -y e2fsprogs-devel keyutils-libs-devel krb5-devel libogg \
libselinux-devel libsepol-devel libxml2-devel libtiff-devel gmp php-pear \ 
php-gd php-mysql php-pdo php mbstring ncurses-devel \ 
mysql-connector-odbc unixODBC unixODBC-devel \ 
audiofile-devel libogg-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel \ 
perl-DateManip sox git wget net-ferramentas psmisc \ 
yum instalar -y gcc gcc-c ++ fazer gnutls-devel \ 
libxml2-devel ncurses-devel subversion doxygen \ 
texinfo curl-devel net-snmp-devel néon-devel \ 
uuid-devel libuuid-devel sqlite-devel sqlite \ 
speex-devel gsm-devel libtool libtool-ltdl libtool-ltdl-devel \ 
libsrtp libsrtp-devel xmlstarlet

Fazendo as atualizações do sistema

root@asteriskhelp# yum install update -y

Reinicie o servidor

root@asteriskhelp# reboot

Instalando o mysql (mariadb)

root@asteriskhelp# yum -y instala mariadb-server mariadb mariadb-devel

Habilitando mariadb na inicialização do sistema

root@asteriskhelp# systemctl enable mariadb.service

Iniciando o mariadb

root@asteriskhelp# systemctl start mariadb.service

Iniciando o configurador do Mysql

root@asteriskhelp# mysql_secure_installation
Set root password? [Y/n] y 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully! 
Reloading privilege tables.. 
 ... Success!
 

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone 
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for 
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation 
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a 
production environment. 

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from "localhost".  This 
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n 
... skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named "test" that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you"ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Instalando o PJProject
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# git clone https://github.com/asterisk/pjproject pjproject

root@asteriskhelp# cd pjproject/

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ./configure --libdir=/usr/lib64 --prefix=/usr \ 
--enable-shared --disable-sound --disable-resample --disable-video

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make dep

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make install

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ldconfig


Instalando o libjansson
root@asteriskhelp#  cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp#  wget http://www.digip.org/jansson/releases/jansson-2.5.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp#  tar xzf jansson-2.5.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp#  cd jansson-2.5

root@asteriskhelp#  sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/

root@asteriskhelp#  sudo make clean

root@asteriskhelp#  sudo make

root@asteriskhelp#  sudo make install

root@asteriskhelp#  sudo ldconfig


Lame - para codificação de áudio para o formato MP3
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/lame/files/lame/3.98.4/lame-3.98.4.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# tar zxvf lame-*.gz

root@asteriskhelp# cd lame-*

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ./configure

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make install


Instalando DAHDI
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# wget https://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/dahdi-linux-complete/ \ 
dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# tar xzf dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# cd dahdi-linux-complete-*

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make all

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make install

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make config


Instalando LIBPRI
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# wget https://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/libpri/libpri-current.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# tar xzf libpri-*.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src/libpri-*

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make install


Instalando Asterisk 13
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# wget https://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-13-current.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# tar xvfz asterisk-13*.tar.gz

root@asteriskhelp# cd asterisk-13.*

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ./contrib/scripts/install_prereq install

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ./configure --libdir=/usr/lib64

root@asteriskhelp# sudo contrib/scripts/get_mp3_source.sh

root@asteriskhelp# sudo make menuselect


Depois de inserir o comando make menuselect, será solicitado a selecionar os módulos a serem instalados. A maioria os módulos necessários são selecionados automaticamente. Para suporte a mp3, inclua o módulo "format_mp3"
--->  Add-ons (See README-addons.txt)
             --- extended ---
             XXX chan_mobile
             [*] chan_ooh323
             [*] format_mp3
             [*] res_config_mysql
             --- deprecated ---
             [*] app_mysql
             [*] app_saycountpl
             [*] cdr_mysql

  ---> Core Sound Packages
            [*] CORE-SOUNDS-RU-GSM
  ---> Extras Sound Packages
            [*] EXTRA-SOUNDS-EN-GSM 
root@asteriskhelp# make && make install && make config && ldconfig

Instalar o asterisk a partir do usuario asterisk

No arquivo /usr/sbin/safe_asterisk nós substituímos as linhas:

ASTARGS="" para ASTARGS="-U asterisk"

Crie um usuário do Asterisk e defina as permissões do usuário.

root@asteriskhelp# useradd -m asterisk

Definir as permissões de pasta necessárias para o usuário asterisk
root@asteriskhelp# chown asterisk.asterisk /var/run/asterisk

root@asteriskhelp# chown -R asterisk.asterisk /etc/asterisk

root@asteriskhelp# chown -R asterisk.asterisk /var/{lib,log,spool}/asterisk

root@asteriskhelp# chown -R asterisk.asterisk /usr/lib64/asterisk


Configurar o servidor web httpd (Apache)

No arquivo de configuração do servidor web /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Nós especificamos o usuário asterisk nas diretivas Usuário e Grupo:
root@asteriskhelp# user  asterisk 
root@asteriskhelp# group asterisk
Especifique todas as diretivas para substituir as configurações do arquivo .htaccess

No arquivo de configuração do servidor web /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Alterar o AllowOverride None para AllowOverride All

Configurando o php
No arquivo /etc/php.ini
Defina as diretivas no próximo. valores:
date.timezone = America/Sao_Paulo
upload_max_filesize = 120 milhões

Reinicie o apache
root@asteriskhelp# systemctl restart httpd

root@asteriskhelp# systemctl enable httpd

Instalando FreePBX
root@asteriskhelp# cd /usr/src

root@asteriskhelp# wget http://mirror.freepbx.org/modules/packages/freepbx/freepbx-13.0-latest.tgz

root@asteriskhelp# tar xzf freepbx-13.0-latest.tgz

root@asteriskhelp# cd freepbx

root@asteriskhelp# sudo ./start_asterisk start

NOTA:
Alterar as configurações de conexão do banco de dados

No arquivo installlib/installcommand.class.php, um array $settings está configurado, a chave dbpass, que é um array, e neste array para a chave padrão, configure o valor da sua senha atual para o usuário root se conectar ao banco de dados:

"dbpass" => array (
"default" => "* senha para o banco de dados *",
"description" => "Senha do banco de dados"

root@asteriskhelp# ./install -n


Pronto, seu PBX IP esté pronto, conecte-se ao FreePBX.

http://IP_FreePBX/admin

1 comentário:

  1. estou tentando este passo a passo mas esta dando vários erros poderiam me dar uma ajuda por favor ?

    ResponderEliminar